Form 8-K is what a company uses to reveal significant developments that occur between filing Form 10-K or Form 10-Q. Among the major corporate events that would require the filing of a Form 8-K are bankruptcies or forced administrations, significant impairments, closing of the acquisition or disposal of assets, departures or appointments of executives. Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School. “17 CFR Sec. 240.13d-101 – Schedule 13D – information provided under sec. 240.13d-1 (a) pursuant to sec. 240.13d-2 (a)”. Retrieved October 8, 2020. The SEC was created by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The law is expected to help restore investor confidence after the stock market crash of 1929. The SEC is an independent government authority that has investor protection, maintaining a fair and orderly market, and facilitating capital formation. Business insiders must submit Forms 3, 4 and 5.
The SEC defines a corporate insider as “the senior officers and directors of a company and all beneficial owners of more than 10% of a class of equity securities of the company registered under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.” Ultimately, the SEC wants investors to know the facts so they can make informed decisions about when they buy, sell, or hold a company`s securities. Getting and interpreting the available material correctly can give every investor valuable insights when making investment decisions. Red flags are often revealed in a company`s footnotes. Among the red flags are: in 2008, the SEC updated the disclosure requirements for foreign companies that offer securities in the U.S. market. For foreign companies that do not have securities registered by the SEC, the rules removed the requirement to submit paper information to the SEC in order to allow them to publish information in English on the Internet. In addition, the deadline for the submission of annual reports for foreign companies has been reduced from six months to four months. Form 10-K consists of several parts.
These include: Form 10-Q is an abridged version of Form 10-K, which is submitted quarterly. The form provides an overview of the company`s current financial situation throughout the year. Form 10-Q must be submitted for the first three quarters of the business year. The filing deadline is 40 days from the end of the quarter. Unlike Form 10-K, the financial statements on Form 10-Q are not audited and the required information is less detailed. Registration statements help investors understand the securities offered by a company as well as its financial situation. An entity preparing to offer securities to the public will file a registration statement with the SEC on Form S-1. The declaration consists of two parts: Schedule 13D is also called “Beneficial Ownership Report” and is required when an owner acquires 5% or more of the voting shares in a company. The report must be submitted within 10 days of reaching the 5% threshold.
It contains the following information: Form 10-K is an annual report that contains a comprehensive analysis of the company`s financial situation. . . .