This model is a co-production between two or more artists/companies – often with different aesthetics/practices of genres (an example could be dance and musical theatre). In this model, each partner brings part of the necessary artistic competence, human resources and economy. It may be with a collective and shared responsibility (which is the ultimate understanding of co-production), but this requires companies that know each other well. Normally, a certain degree of distributed responsibility is agreed, for example. B for which part of the budget is responsible, if a person has the right to make final artistic decisions, who organizes the tour and when. Who has the rights of the representation to win – and to whom is paid the income from the sale? Great attention to the detail of contracts is advised. Cooperation and co-production are based on relationships and trust, often on long-term interest. In a co-productive relationship, mutual respect should be the basis for cooperation. This relationship must be nurtured through continuous dialogue.
But we also need very specific cooperation agreements to succeed – or not fall into traps. Both parts of the work must be taken into consideration. Most of the time, it starts with a conversation — an exchange of ideas and expectations. The co-producing partners usually met or even worked together even before the co-production began. Often, this meeting was made possible by a mediator such as a cultural institution or by a network meeting. In most cases, there is an established dialogue that precedes the obligation of co-production. It is very useful that the partners already know each other well or, better yet, have already worked together in a less committed partnership. For venues or festivals that present and co-produce, co-production engagement is often the next step after successfully inviting or presenting the artist or company in their program. The first European nations to sign a film co-production agreement were France and Italy in 1949. Between 1949 and 1964, 711 films were co-produced between the two nations.  Co-producers may enter into an agreement with artists in order to achieve an unsecured result. .